Understanding Drone Landing on the Human Body

The human body allows for fast and autonomous take-off and landing of drones. We conducted an online survey and a follow-up study with 360° VR videos to investigate suitability of various body locations (e.g., the hand, the back, or the head).

We envision the human body as a platform for fast take-off and landing of drones in entertainment and professional uses such as medical emergencies, rescue missions, or supporting police units. This new interaction modality challenges our knowledge of human-drone experiences, in which interaction usually occurs at a distance from the body. This work explores important factors for understanding the interplay between drones and humans. We first investigated the suitability of various body locations for landing in an online study (N=159). Our results, presented as body maps, show that the hand and upper back are particularly well-suited body locations. We further tested these findings in a follow-up study (N=12), in which participants experienced drones landing on their bodies through carefully designed and pre-recorded 360° videos. This immersion into the landing scenarios helped us to identify common themes and research approaches for different body parts. Taken together, the findings provide first insights into location preferences and themes for drones landing on the human body.


Location preferences for drone landings on the human body while standing, sitting, walking, and climbing. Drones with various designs and their average suitability ratings for landing on the human body (7-point Likert scale). Participants 7-Point-Likert ratings of the nine statements.
Left to right: Location and visual preferences. Answers from our questionnaire.



Jonas Auda, Martin Weigel, Jessica R. Cauchard, and Stefan Schneegass

Understanding Drone Landing on the Human Body

In Proceedings of ACM MobileHCI '21.

Project Page PDF BibTeX DOI Full Paper

Nils Einecke and Martin Weigel

System with wearable base device and unmanned vehicle

Pending: EP4120223A1.

Project Page View Patent Patent

Jonas Auda, Martin Weigel, Jessica Cauchard, and Stefan Schneegass

ProxyDrone: Autonomous Drone Landing on the Human Body

CHI 2020 Interdisciplinary Workshop on Human-Drone Interaction (iHDI 2020).

Project Page PDF Workshop Paper